Farm and Forest
Adding Value to Logs
Woodland Management: Adding Value to Logs
|More profit from timber in the Ozarks
requires doing more to logs here, where they're cut. If land owners
were able to realize more value than they now get for raw logs, fewer
trees might be harvested before they mature to their highest value.
The value of logs "on the stump" would be higher and there would be
more of a premium paid for quality wood. One way to maximize profits
is to use all of every log as efficiently and at the highest value
possible. By adding value, local producers can profit.
Milling: An efficient sawmill cuts boards with
little waste. A narrow blade wastes less wood by cutting a thinner path
through the log as each board is cut.
Kiln Drying: Boards are heated in a kiln to dry
them. Kiln-drying adds value by reducing the moisture in the wood so
it doesn't warp and shrink once its been used in a product, like a house
or a piece of furniture. Dried lumber sells for much more than green,
Planing, Manufacturing: Planing adds value. Planing
smooths the wood and ensures uniform dimensions. A local producer can
use dried and planed lumber to manufacture wood products like furniture,
flooring, cabinets, doorknobs or toys.
By-Products: For greatest profit a local operation
will use or sell every by-product of production, including slabs, bark,
and sawdust. Bark can be sold for landscaping use. Sawdust is often
burned for energy. Slabs are slowly burned to make charcoal.
See also: Low Grading vs. High
For more information on sustainable forestry, see the Value
Missouri web site.
Written by David Haenke.