Nature Trees & Leaves Photo Guide Evergreens  

 Evergreens have tough leaves that stay on the tree through the winter. 

Shortleaf Pine
Eastern Red Cedar

 Shortleaf Pine

Pine family. Pinus echinata
Common name:
Southern Yellow Pine

Shortleaf Pine leaves (needles) are between 2.75" and 4.5" long, and two or three to a bundle.

It has small cones, 1.5 to 2.5" long.  

Shortleaf Pine grows on dry sites like south and west slopes, which are exposed to the sun, and also on ridgetops. You can find it in stands, or mixed with oaks. It grows to 70-100'.

 Eastern Red Cedar

Cypress family.
Juniperus virginiana

Common names: Juniper, cedar

Cedar leaves are like scales, 1/16th to 3/8th of an long, which cover the thin twigs that branch out in all directions.

Its cones, which are 1/4 to 3/16 inch in diameter, look like blue berries. Each one contains one or two seeds.

The dead lower branches of this cedar show that they are short and are arranged around the trunk. 

Eastern Red Cedar grows in unused fields, roadsides, or woods. It likes limestone soils and grows very well around here. They will reach 40-60'.

The bark is reddish and shreds in narrow strips.


Sources: National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees, Eastern Region,by Elbert L. Little, 2000, Alfred A. Knopf, New York. Flora of Missouri,by Julian A.Steyermark, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, 1981. Photos and text by Peter Callaway.

This is the Web site of the Bryant Watershed Education Project, based in West Plains, Missouri. Our site is a toolkit for exploring the Bryant Creek, North Fork, Eleven Point and Upper Spring watersheds in the southern Missouri Ozarks.
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